Bureau of Fire Prevention
Barry A. Howard
Surviving a fire...
First off, the Township of Chatham - Fire Prevention Bureau suggests that you NEVER attempt to use a fire extinguisher to extinguish a fire, generally if the fire is bigger than the physical size of the fire extinguisher.
CALL THE FIRE DEPARTMENT
by dialing 9-1-1.
Always call the fire department even after you've put out a fire to check that you have done everything toeliminate the cause.
3 Ways to Protect Your
Family From Fire
- Install Smoke Detectors -- Smoke is responsible for 3 out of 4 fire deaths. The loud alert at the first sign of smoke will give your family those extra few minutes to escape safely. SMOKE DETECTOR TIPS - click here
- Establish an Escape Plan -- Have frequent family meetings to establish escape routes from your dwelling. Every room should have 2 means of escape. Rope ladders are recommended for upper floor windows. Have practice drills every 3 months.
- Place Fire Extinguishers throughout the home
- Type A : to extinguish wood, paper and fabric fires. Keep one in the garage and the workshop.
- Type B : to extinguish grease, oil, gasoline, petroleum and other flammable liquid fires. Keep one in the kitchen, the garage and the workshop.
- Type C : to extinguish electrical fires. Keep one in the kitchen and the laundry room.
- Type ABC : for extinguishing all three types of fires.
Surviving A Large Fire
How to Get Out Safely
- Stay calm so you can think clearly.
- If door is closed, feel it from bottom to top, as well as the knob. If either is cool, you may open the door.
- Brace foot and shoulder against the door and open slowly. If there is light smoke, crouch low and crawl to the nearest exit with a wet cover over your nose and mouth.
- Stay low to avoid smoke/toxic gases that collect on ceilings.
- Close all doors behind you.
- Never use an elevator.
- Call the fire department by dialing 9-1-1. Never go back and get anything!
If You Are Trapped
- Don't panic! If you exert yourself, you will breathe faster and take in more smoke/toxic gases that can burn your lungs or cause you to become unconscious.
- Feel door from bottom to top and knob. If hot or warm, stuff clothing/towels in the cracks to keep out the smoke/toxic gases.
- Open a window at the top to let out heat/smoke collecting on the ceiling. Open window at the bottom and bend down to breathe in fresh air. Never open a window if smoke is rising from a lower floor.
- Stand by the window, waving something, and wait for rescue.
If You Catch Fire
- STOP where you are. Moving or running feeds air to the flames and worsens the fire.
- DROP to the floor. If you stand up, the fire can burn your face. Fold your arms high on your chest to protect your face.
- ROLL slowly on the floor or ground, or in a rug or blanket, if you can.
- COOL off as soon as possible with water for first and second degree burns. For third degree burns, seek medical attention immediately.
|Selling Your Home?||Smoke Detectors||Carbon Monoxide|
|Home Fire Prevention Tips||Surviving A Fire||Fire Safety Permits|
|Bureau Activities||Fire Extinguishers||NJ Div of Fire Safety|
|Green Village FD||Chatham Twp FD||NFPA|